Umrah (ﻋﻤﺮﻩ) ialah menziarahi Baitullah di Makkah dan melakukan ihram, tawaf, sa’i dan bertahallul mengikut tertib.
Umrah adalah fardhu seperti Haji. Ini adalah pendapat al-Imam as-Syafie r.a. yang al-Azhar. Ijmak Ulama mengatakan bahawa hanya wajib dilakukan sekali sepanjang hayat bagi orang yang mampu kecuali orang yang bernazar, maka dia wajib memenuhi nazarnya.
Dalil daripada al-Quran ialah firman Allah Taala: Dan sempurnakanlah ibadat Haji dan Umrah kerana Allah (Al-Baqarah 196).
Sabda Nabi yang diriwayatkan Ibnu Majah, Al-Baihaqi dan sanad yang sahih daripada Aisyah r.a. katanya:
Aku berkata : “Wahai Rasullah,apakah wanita wajib berjihad?”. Sabda Baginda: “Ya, jihad yang tiada peperangan padanya iaitu haji dan umrah”.
Niat Ihram, Tawaf dan Sa’i tidak boleh dilakukan di mana-mana tempat lain melainkan di tempat yang ditetapkan. Iaitu niat ihram di Miqat, tawaf 7 pusingan mengelilingi Kaabah di dalam Masjidil Haram dan bersa’i 7 kali bermula di bukit Safa dan berakhir di bukit Marwah. Terakhir sekali bertahallul iaitu bercukur atau mengunting rambut sekurang-kurangnya 3 helai selepas itu, segala larangan dalam Ihram menjadi halal sepertimana sebelum beliau berihram.
Beza Umrah dengan Haji ialah Umrah boleh dilaksanakan sepanjang tahun tetapi Haji hanya boleh dilakukan pada bulan haji sahaja, dan hari kemuncaknya ialah pada hari Tasyrik 9, 10, 11, 12 di mana jemaah berkumpul di Padang Arafah dan Mina.
Pada zaman sekarang Kerajaan Arab Saudi menetapkan mana jemaah umrah mestilah mengikut muassasah umrah dan memohon visa umrah melalui agensi umrah. Tiada lagi permohonan Visa umrah dapat dilakukan di Kedutaan Arab Saudi secara individu.
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Starbucks Corporation is an American coffee association and bistro chain. Starbucks was built up in Seattle, Washington in 1971. Beginning at 2018, the association works 28,218 zones far and wide.
Starbucks is seen as the major operator of “second wave coffee”, at first isolating itself from other coffee serving scenes in the US by taste, quality, and customer experience while advancing dimly stewed coffee. Since the 2000s, third wave coffee makers have concentrated on quality-disliked coffee customers with hand-made coffee subject to lighter dishes, while Starbucks nowadays uses automated espresso machines for efficiency and prosperity reasons.
Starbucks regions serve hot and cold refreshments, whole bean coffee, microground minute coffee known as VIA, espresso, caffe latte, full-and free leaf teas including Teavana tea things, Evolution Fresh presses, Frappuccino drinks, La Boulange heated products, and nibbles including things, for instance, chips and wafers; a couple of commitments (tallying their yearly fall dispatch of the Pumpkin Spice Latte) are infrequent or unequivocal to the region of the store. Various stores sell pre-packaged sustenance things, hot and cold sandwiches, and drinkware including mugs and tumblers; select “Starbucks Evenings” territories offer mix, wine, and goodies. Starbucks-brand coffee, solidified yogurt, and bundled cold coffee drinks are moreover sold at business sectors.
Starbucks first wound up beneficial in Seattle in the mid 1980s. Despite a hidden financial downturn with its endeavor into the Midwest and British Columbia in the late 1980s, the association experienced restored accomplishment with its passageway into California in the mid 1990s. The first Starbucks zone outside North America opened in Tokyo in 1996; abroad properties as of now build up practically 33% of its stores. The association opened an ordinary of two new regions step by step some place in the scope of 1987 and 2007.
On December 1, 2016, Howard Schultz announced he would leave as CEO convincing April 2017 and would be superseded by Kevin Johnson. Johnson anticipated the activity of CEO on April 3, 2017, and Howard Schultz surrendered to wrap up Chairman Emeritus reasonable June 26, 2018.
The first Starbucks opened in Seattle, Washington, on March 31, 1971, by three accessories who met while they were understudies at the University of San Francisco: English teacher Jerry Baldwin, history instructor Zev Siegl, and writer Gordon Bowker were animated to sell extraordinary coffee beans and equipment by coffee cooking agent Alfred Peet after he demonstrated to them his style of searing beans. Bowker surveys that Terry Heckler, with whom Bowker asserted an advancing office, thought words beginning with “st” were unfathomable. The coordinators conceptualized a summary of words beginning with “st”, and at last touched base on “Starbo”, a mining town in the Cascade Range. Starting there, the social event reviewed “Starbuck,” the name of the fundamental mate in the book Moby-Dick.  Bowker expressed, “Moby-Dick didn’t have anything to do with Starbucks clearly; it was simply unexpected that the sound seemed to look good.”
The first Starbucks store was arranged in Seattle at 2000 Western Avenue from 1971– 1976. This bistro was later moved to 1912 Pike Place. In the midst of this time, the association simply sold seared whole coffee beans and did not yet mix coffee to sell. In the midst of their first year of movement, they gained green coffee beans from Peet’s, by then begun acquiring explicitly from makers
Starbucks Arrangement and improvement
In 1984, the principal owners of Starbucks, driven by Jerry Baldwin, acquired Peet’s. In the midst of the 1980s, total ideas of coffee in the US were falling, yet offers of specialty coffee extended, molding 10% of the market in 1989, differentiated and 3% in 1983. By 1986, the association worked six stores in Seattle and had marginally begun to sell espresso coffee.
In 1987, the primary owners sold the Starbucks chain to past boss Howard Schultz, who rebranded his Il Giornale coffee outlets as Starbucks and quickly expanded. Around a similar time, Starbucks opened its first regions outside Seattle at Waterfront Station in Vancouver, British Columbia, and Chicago, Illinois. By 1989, 46 stores existed over the Northwest and Midwest, and yearly Starbucks was stewing in excess of 2,000,000 pounds (907,185 kg) of coffee.
At the period of its first clearance of stock (IPO) on the money related trade in June 1992, Starbucks had 140 outlets, with a salary of US$73.5 million, up from US$1.3 million of each 1987. The association’s sensible worth was US$271 million now. The 12% piece of the association that was sold raised around US$25 million for the association, which energized a duplicating of the amount of stores all through the accompanying two years. By September 1992, Starbucks’ offer expense had rose by 70% to more than different occasions the salary per offer of the prior year.
In July 2013, over 10% of in-store purchases were made on customer’s phones using the Starbucks application. The association to be sure utilized the flexible stage when it impelled the “Tweet-a-Coffee” headway in October 2013. On this occasion, the headway moreover included Twitter and customers had the ability to purchase a US$5 blessing voucher for a buddy by entering both “@tweetacoffee” and the sidekick’s handle in a tweet. Research firm Keyhole watched the progression of the fight and a December 6, 2013, media article itemized that the firm had found that 27,000 people had taken an intrigue and US$180,000 of purchases were made to date. Beginning at 2018, Starbucks is situated 132nd on the Fortune 500 summary of the greatest United States associations by pay.